Overview[edit | edit source]
The London boroughs are 32 of the 33 local authority districts of the Greater London administrative area (the 33rd is the City of London). Each is governed by a London borough council. The London boroughs were all created at the same time as Greater London on 1 April 1965 by the London Government Act 1963 and are a type of local government district. Twelve were designated as Inner London boroughs and twenty as Outer London boroughs.
The London boroughs have populations of around 150,000 to 300,000. Inner London boroughs tend to be smaller, in both population and area, and more densely populated than Outer London boroughs. The London boroughs were created by combining groups of former local government units. A review undertaken between 1987 and 1992 led to a number of relatively small alterations in borough boundaries.
London borough councils provide the majority of local government services (schools, waste management, social services, libraries, etc.), in contrast to the strategic Greater London Authority, which has limited authority over all of Greater London.
The councils were first elected in 1964 and acted as shadow authorities until 1 April 1965. Each borough is divided into electoral wards, subject to periodic review, for the purpose of electing councillors. Council elections take place every four years, with the most recent elections in 2018 and the next elections due in 2022.
The political make-up of London borough councils is dominated by the Conservative, Labour, and Liberal Democrat parties. Twenty-eight councils follow the leader and cabinet model of executive governance, with directly elected mayors in Hackney, Lewisham, Newham, and Tower Hamlets. The City of London is instead governed by the City of London Corporation and the Inner and Middle Temples.
Political control in 2018[edit | edit source]
The London Assembly is (together with the elected Mayor of London) the governing body for the Greater London Authority. Within its administrative area, the 32 borough councils perform lower functions.
Elections to all seats of all 32 London boroughs were last held in May 2018 and will next be held in May 2022.
Last update 4 May 2018.
|Barking & Dagenham||LAB||maj||URL||51||51|
|Hammersmith & Fulham||LAB||maj||URL||46||11||35|
|Kensington & Chelsea||CON||maj||URL||50||36||13||1|
|Kingston upon Thames||LD||maj||URL||48||9||39|
|Lewisham (M)||LAB||LAB Mayor||URL||54||54|
|Newham (M)||LAB||LAB Mayor||URL||60||60|
|Richmond upon Thames||LD||maj||URL||54||11||39||4|
|Southwark||LAB||maj||URL||63||49||14||3||14 June 2018|
|Tower Hamlets (M)||NOC||LAB Mayor||URL||45||2||42||1|
The 100-member Court of Common Council of the City of London, a municipal corporation, was last elected in March 2017. Most members are non-aligned; the largest party is Temple & Farringdon Together and the only national party represented is Labour.
|City of London Corporation||IND||IND||URL||100||85||10||5||By-election, 22 March 2018|
- Jump up^ 22 various Residents Associations, 2 independents.
Also See[edit | edit source]
- The GLC
- Greater London
- London borough
- Anglo statistics and facts
- London (UK) boroughs by population in 2017
- The political control of the German Länder's Landtag in 2018
- The political control of the Austrian Bundesländer's Landtag in 2018
Sources[edit | edit source]