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Second flag of the Federative Republic of Brazil, with 27 stars (1992–present). Author: Governo do Brasil.

Overview

Here is a list of post 1964 Brazilian coup d'état presidents of Brazil and those who were corrupt or committed civil criminal acts such as narco-crime, arson, theft, financial fraud, rape and corporate crime. Human rights abuses, useing death squads and political repression and outside the scope of the article and thus is not collated in this list. 

National history

Minas Geraes before it was modernized in New York in 1920–21 and in Brazil in 1931–38. The ship was built with two funnels to release the exhaust from the dual-burning (both coal and oil) boilers away from the ship. Reprinted from "The Brazilian Battleship 'Minas Geraes'," Scientific American 102, no. 12 (1910): 240.

Military rule

Life in General

Brazil was a right wing military dictatorship from 1964 to 1985. Some of their projects were good and some were bad. It's attitude was generally brutal, conservative and coercive in nature. 

Artur da Costa e Silva's government started the most oppressive stage of the military regime against opposition, left-wing activists and suspected communists, which would be continued and expanded under his successor Emílio Garrastazu Médici.

During his term in office Institutional Act 5 (Brazil) was promulgated. This law gave the President powers to dismiss the National Congress, strip politicians of their offices of power, and institutionalize repressive methods of rule against left-wing parties and individuals. Costa e Silva's government started the most oppressive stage of the military regime against opposition, left-wing activists and suspected communists, which would be continued and expanded under his successor Emílio Garrastazu Médici. 

Emílio Garrastazu Médici was known for his hardline tactics, repressive laws and human rights violations. President Geisel sought to maintain high economic growth rates, while dealing with the effects of the 1973 oil crisis

Massive investments in infrastructure including: highways, telecommunications, hydroelectric dams, mineral extraction, factories, and atomic energy. Fending off nationalist objections, he opened Brazil to oil prospecting by foreign firms for the first time since the early 1950s. Import substitution industrialization and export expansion eventually would bring about growing trade surpluses, allowing the service and repayment of the foreign debt. He also restored Habeas Corpus and scrapped several repressive emergency laws the Brazilian military had introduced after the coup of 1964. 

Civilian rule has continued uninterrupted since 1995.  

The military dictators

  1. Castelo Branco-
  2. Artur da Costa e Silva-
  3. Pedro Aleixo- Inocent
  4. Emílio Garrastazu Médici- Innocent
  5. Ernesto Geisel- Innocent
  6. João Figueiredo- 

Uncivil Civilian rule

USA_BRAZILIAN_PRESIDENT_FERNANDO_HENRIQUE_CARDOSO_VISIT

USA BRAZILIAN PRESIDENT FERNANDO HENRIQUE CARDOSO VISIT

Portuguese/Nat Brazilian President Fernando Henrique Cardoso is in Washington for talks with President Clinton on economic and political issues. His visit however is being overshadowed by the bomb attack in Oklahoma City. At a welcoming ceremony in the White House today, Brazilian president Fernando Henrique Cardoso expressed his sympathy for the victims of yesterday's bomb attack in Oklahoma City. SOUNDBITE: (English) "I know this is a day of celebration of the friendship between our two countries. At this moment nevertheless, allow me to express my deep sorrow for the barbaric act that took so many lives in Oklahoma City yesterday." SUPER CAPTION: Fernando Henrique Cardoso, President of Brazil President Clinton praised President Cardoso for his country's willingness to help maintain economic and political stability in the region. SOUNDBITE: (English) "Mr. President your own life embodies the resilience of the democratic spirit of the Americas. Thirty years ago you were forced into exile by the enemies of democracy. But instead of giving in to bitterness and you carried on the struggle for freedom with reason and reconciliation as your only weapons and you prevailed." SUPER CAPTION: President Bill Clinton Both leaders discussed several issues including the relationship between Mercosur and the North American Free Trade Agreement. Mercosur is the largest trading bloc in the hemisphere. Its members are Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay. President Cardoso referred to the outcomes of the Hemispheric Conference in Miami last November and praised President Clinton for his initiatives during to the economic crisis in Mexico. SOUNDBITE: (Portuguese) "There is no doubt that the spirit of Miami prevails. What took place in Miami was not a temporary reaction. It was the maturation of a series of joint actions that affected the entire continent. The way President Clinton and the international community reacted to the incidents in Mexico, show that we must expand our relations to avoid that in the future similar situations could damage other countries. And that was what we discussed this morning." SUPER CAPTION: Fernando Henrique Cardoso President Clinton said the Mexican crisis posed a challenge for the emerging economies of Brazil and Argentina. And he urged other countries in the hemisphere to work together to avoid another crisis. SOUNDBITE: (English) "The problem in Mexico has caused severe problems for the people in Mexico, is also presenting challenges to Brazil, to Argentina, and indeed to the United States. But look at the long run, the countries of our Hemisphere are moving towards democracy, towards openness, towards free competition. The more we work together, the less likely it is we will have future problems like we have in Mexico. So if anything if there is any lesson to be drawn here it is that we must work more urgently in these directions and more urgently to be strong together so that these events would not have the kind of shocking impact they had in Mexico." SUPER CAPTION: President Bill Clinton Both leaders have ordered their trade representatives to prepare the ground for talks scheduled for June aimed at integrating the continent's two largest economic blocs. You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/41248329f97e30538b89acf2396c349f Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork.

Life in General

Franco took power as Brazil was in the midst of a severe economic crisis, with inflation reaching 1,110% in 1992 and rocketing to almost 2,400% in 1993. Franco developed a reputation as a mercurial leader, but he selected as his Finance Minister Fernando Henrique Cardoso, who launched the "Plano Real" that stabilized the economy and ended inflation. 

In an unusual gesture, moments before taking office, Franco handed senators a piece of paper on which he had listed his personal net worth and properties. Initially, his approval rating reached 60 percent.

After the troubled Collor Presidency, Franco quickly installed a politically-balanced cabinet and sought broad support in Congress.

Recently, civil rule has looked more like a kleptocracy, the city council of Rio de Janeiro went bankrupt and urban crime has skyrocketed in most major coastal cities as well.

Even the cost of residential gas cylinders rose by more than 67% between August and December 2017.

The Presidents

  1. Tancredo Neves- Inocent
  2. José Sarney- 
  3. Fernando Collor de Mello-
  4. Itamar Franco- Innocent
  5. Fernando Henrique Cardoso- Innocent.
  6. Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva- fell foul of Car Wash Operation.
  7. Dilma Rousseff-
  8. Michel Temer-
  9. Jair Bolsonaro- N\A. 
  10.    

Also see

  1. Brazil
  2. President
  3. Café com leite politics
  4. Prime Minister
  5. Car Wash Operation 
  6. The cancer of corruption
  7. 2017 Kenyan false diplomas for state officials scam
  8. National leaders, ministers, governors and UN officials who were ousted, quit or impeached between 2014 and 2018 after claimed and\or proven corruption and\or gross misconduct
  9. Impeachment

Sources

  1. https://www.facebook.com/public/Tancredo-Neves
  2. https://www.tripadvisor.co.uk/Attraction_Review-g303444-d6438591-Reviews-Ponte_Tancredo_Neves-Foz_do_Iguacu_State_of_Parana.html
  3. https://notices.californiatimes.com/gdpr/latimes.com/
  4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tancredo_Neves
  5. http://comomorreu.com/doenca/como-morreu-tancredo-neves/
  6. https://www.facebook.com/people/Itamar-Franco/100008266746065
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  8. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Itamar-Franco
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  10. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/8618837/Itamar-Franco.html
  11. https://www.facebook.com/people/Itamar-Franco/100008266746065
  12. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kleptocracy
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  18. https://www.tripadvisor.co.uk/Tourism-g294280-Brazil-Vacations.html
  19. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luiz_In%C3%A1cio_Lula_da_Silva
  20. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Luiz-Inacio-Lula-da-Silva
  21. https://www.theguardian.com/world/luiz-inacio-lula-da-silva
  22. https://www.nytimes.com/topic/person/luiz-inacio-lula-da-silva
  23. https://www.facebook.com/Lula
  24. https://edition.cnn.com/2018/09/01/americas/brazil-lula-da-silva-court-ruling-intl/index.html
  25. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/09/brazil-lula-renounces-candidacy-presidential-poll-180910132703852.html
  26. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/01/profile-luiz-inacio-lula-da-silva-180124140734301.html
  27. https://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/brazil/politics-2018.htm
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  29. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fernando_Henrique_Cardoso
  30. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Fernando-Henrique-Cardoso
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  35. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S%C3%A3o_Paulo_(state)
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  38. https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q299165
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  41. https://www.geni.com/people/Em%C3%ADlio-Garrastazu-M%C3%A9dici-28%C2%BA-Presidente-do-Brasil/6000000018223663935
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  43. https://www.balancedscorecard.org/BSC-Basics/Articles-Videos/White-Papers
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