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Kenyan_Elections_2017_Key_issues_that_could_be_decisive_on_August_8

Kenyan Elections 2017 Key issues that could be decisive on August 8

Kenya, East Africa's powerhouse, goes to the polls this coming week, on August 8. Current President Uhuru Kenyatta will go up against former Prime Minister Raila Odinga, in a highly contested election, where agenda for the youth and economic performance are among the many touted to sway the Kenyan voter. And even as the region and the world witness Kenya gear up to elect its President and legislative representatives, what key issues will be decisive in this elections' outcomes? Tonight Beatrice Marshall and her expert panel delve into Kenya's upcoming elections, on Talk Africa. Subscribe to us on YouTube: http://ow.ly/Zvqj30aIsgY Follow us on: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/cgtnafrica/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/cgtnafrica.

Will_Kenya's_election_be_free,_fair_and_transparent?_-_BBC_Newsnight

Will Kenya's election be free, fair and transparent? - BBC Newsnight

Kenya's incumbent President Uhuru Kenyatta is up against his old rival Raila Odinga in elections on 8 August. Polls suggest it's close, and tensions Tensions are running high - not helped by the brutal abduction, torture and murder this week of the man in charge of the electronic voting system, Chris Msando. The BBC's Africa Correspondent Alastair Leithead reports from Nairobi. Newsnight is the BBC's flagship news and current affairs TV programme - with analysis, debate, exclusives, and robust interviews. Website: www.bbc.co.uk/newsnight YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/user/BBCNewsnight Twitter: https://twitter.com/BBCNewsnight Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/bbcnewsnight Snapchat: https://www.snapchat.com/add/bbcnewsnight.

Overview[edit | edit source]

The 2017 General elections were scheduled to be held in Kenya on 8 August 2017. Voters will elect the President and his deputy, members of Parliament (Senate and National Assembly) and devolved government members (county governors and ward representatives).

The event[edit | edit source]

Background[edit | edit source]

The Kenyan Constitution requires there to be a general election on the second Tuesday in August in every fifth year. There have been public discussions to move the date from August to December with proponents pointing to fiscal timeline (1 July–30 June) clashing with an August date because most ministries that support critical election processes will not have been fully funded and that a possible presidential runoff vote may interfere with the national examinations calendar of October and December. Opponents of the election date change have argued for protecting the constitutional provision and that any change would be mired by legal challenges and may drag on to the next elections and still require a referendum to decide, putting the country's stability at risk. There was heavy tribal friction between the Kikuru and Kalenjin tribes as in the previose riot hit election in 2013.

On August 7, 2017, one day before the election, Barack Obama, who served as the 44th President of the United States from 2009 to 2017, and whose father was a Kenyan national, called for calm and acceptance of the election results. The intervention was noted by the media as unprecedented. 

  1. Governmen- Unitary presidential constitutional republic.
  2. President - Uhuru Kenyetta.
  3. Deputy President- Willian Ruto.
  4. Speaker of the Senate- Ekwee Ethuro.
  5. Speaker of the National Assembly- Justin Muturi.
  6. Attorney Genera-l Githu Muigai.
  7. Legislature-Parliament.
    1. Senate.
    2. National Assembly.
  8. Independence from the United Kingdom 12 December 1963.
  9. Republic declared 12 December 1964.

Electoral system[edit | edit source]

The President of Kenya is elected using a modified version of the two-round system; in order to win in the first round, a candidate is required to receive over 50% of the vote and 25% of the vote in at least 24 counties. The President of Kenya is elected using a modified version of the two-round system: to win in the first round, a candidate must receive over 50% of the vote nationally and 25% of the vote in at least 24 counties out of the 47 counties.

The 337 members of the National Assembly are elected by two methods; 290 are elected in single-member constituencies by first-past-the-post voting. The remaining 47 are reserved for women, and are elected from single-member constituencies based on the 47 counties, also using the first-past-the-post system. The 67 members of the Senate are elected by four methods; 47 are elected in single-member constituencies based on the counties by first-past-the-post voting. Parties are then assigned a share of 16 seats for women, two for youth and two for disabled people based on their seat share. 

Tribalism[edit | edit source]

Most voter prefer a candidate of the same tribes since they can trust them more.

  1. 22% Kikuyu
  2. 14% Luhya
  3. 13% Luo
  4. 12% Kalenjin
  5. 11% Kamba
  6. 6% Kisii
  7. 6% Meru
  8. 15% other African
  9. 1% non-African (mostly White, Arab and mixed-bloods)

The African Great Lakes region, which Kenya is a part of, has been inhabited by humans since the Lower Paleolithic period. By the first millennium AD, the Bantu expansion had reached the area from West-Central Africa. The borders of the modern state consequently comprise the crossroads of the Niger-Congo, Nilo-Saharan and Afroasiatic areas of the continent, representing most major ethnolinguistic groups found in Africa. Bantu and Nilotic populations together constitute around 97% of the nation's residents.

European and Arab presence in coastal Mombasa dates to the Early Modern period; European exploration of the interior began in the 19th century. The British Empire established the East Africa Protectorate in 1895, which starting in 1920 gave way to the Kenya Colony. Kenya obtained independence in December 1963. Following a referendum in August 2010 and adoption of a new constitution, Kenya is now divided into 47 semi-autonomous counties, governed by elected governors.

Party campaigns[edit | edit source]

Party primaries[edit | edit source]

The Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission set the duration for political parties to conduct their primaries in April 2017 following the review of Kenya's Election Laws. Parties would have 14 days between 20 April and 2 May to conduct their primaries and submit their candidates to the electoral commission.

The party leaders[edit | edit source]

The presidential candidates\ main party leaders.
Leader. Party. Alliance. Running mate. Result.
Uhuru Kenyatta Jubilee Jubilee William Ruto Wone.
Raila Odinga ODM NASA Kalonzo Musyoka Lost.

Party rallies[edit | edit source]

Jubilee_Rally_In_Kitui_Town_Today_8_3_17_Kenya_Election_2017

Jubilee Rally In Kitui Town Today 8 3 17 Kenya Election 2017

Kenya Election 2017 Kenya General Election is set to be done on August 8,2017 The horses in the Race are NASA Coalition Presidential candidate and opposition leader Raila Odinga And The current Kenya president Uhuru Kenyatta who is vying on a Jubilee Party ticket. General elections are scheduled to be held in Kenya on 8 August 2017.[1] Voters will elect the President and his deputy, members of Parliament (Senate and National Assembly) and devolved government members (county governors and ward representatives).

NASA_GRAND_FINAL_RALLY_In_Uhuru_Park_Nairobi_County_Today_8_5_17_The_Grand_Finale_Kenya_Election

NASA GRAND FINAL RALLY In Uhuru Park Nairobi County Today 8 5 17 The Grand Finale Kenya Election

FINALLY!!! The Day Is Almost Here Kenyans. #KenyaElectionDay 8/8/2017 Is The Day. Happy Voting Day To All Kenyans.Let All get out and vote for leaders who are capable of bringing change to this great nation.#MkenyaDaima NASA Grand Final Rally In Uhuru Park Nairobi County Today 8/5/17. The Grand Finale. Kenya Election Kenya General Election is set to be done on August 8,2017 The horses in the Race are NASA Coalition Presidential candidate and opposition leader Raila Odinga And The current Kenya president Uhuru Kenyatta who is vying on a Jubilee Party ticket. General elections are scheduled to be held in Kenya on 8 August 2017. Voters will elect the President and his deputy, members of Parliament (Senate and National Assembly) and devolved government members (county governors and ward representatives).

  • NASA (the Kenyan party coalition not the American space organisation) final rally In Uhuru Park, Nairobi, 8/5/17.
  • Jubilee, Kitui Town, 8/3/17.
  • jubilee Party, Nairobi, August 04, 2017.
  • National Super Alliance, Uhuru Park, 05/08/2017.
  • Jubilee Party, Ongata Rongai, Kiserian, Matasia and Ngong before proceeding to Afraha stadium in Nakuru County, 05/08/2017.
  • Jubilee Party in Kajiado and a final one at Nakuru County, 05/08/2017.

Tours and visits[edit | edit source]

  • Raila Odinga Western province today, August 5th-7th. The regional ODM Kakamega county chairman, David Malala, said the PM's tour wold take him to both Bungoma and Kakamega counties, where he would hold public rallies.

Online activities[edit | edit source]

Virtual campaigning is used heavily on and about July 24th.

Political defections[edit | edit source]

The ODM's party vice chairman and Raila Odinga trusted ally, Alfred Sambu (MP for Webuye), defected to Deputy Prime Minister Musalia Mudavadi's UDF on July 29th, due to ethical issues.

Pre-election violence[edit | edit source]

Polling[edit | edit source]

A May 11 saw a poll show that 70%of the population worry about post election violence.

William Ruto home siege[edit | edit source]

On 29 July 2017, the deputy president William Ruto's house was attacked by a local man armed with a machete. During the siege, the deputy president and his family were not present. The assailant first injured the guard on duty, held him hostage and then killed him. The siege lasted 18 hours after the Kenyan Police special forces shot the attacker dead. The motives of the attacker were unknown and members of the public were unaware how a man armed with a machete held the elite police forces for 18 hours.

Christopher Msando's murder[edit | edit source]

On 27 July 2017, two dead bodies were found on the outskirts of Nairobi. One of the deceased, Christopher (AKA: Chris) Msando, was the head of information, communication, and technology at the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission of Kenya. Msando played a major role in developing the new voting system for the election, and the cause of his death is still unknown. Msando's body showed clear marks of torture before he was murdered some time in the 3 days he was missing. His body was found on July 31. Along side his body was a body of a 21 year old woman, Maryanne Ngumbu. The FBI and Scotland yard offered to help in the investigation.

Result[edit | edit source]

Overview[edit | edit source]

Though Kenyatta and Odinga were virtually tied in opinion polls leading up to the election, the outcome was reported as a 10-percentage-point victory for Kenyatta.

Raila Odinga rejected the election results. The commission’s unofficial results showed Kenyatta, 55, leading with 54.3 percent of the votes, ahead of Odinga’s 45 percent; but Odinga’s count has those figures would be roughly reversed.

The presidency[edit | edit source]

The presidential results.
Candidate Running mate Party Votes %
Uhuru Kenyatta William Ruto Jubilee Party of Kenya 8,016,272 54.29
Raila Odinga Kalonzo Musyoka National Super Alliance 6,618,345 44.82
Joseph Nyagah Moses Marango Independent 36,941 0.25
Abduba Dida Titus Ngetuny Alliance for Real Change 35,943 0.24
Ekuru Aukot Emmanuel Nzai Thirdway Alliance Kenya 26,637 0.18
Japheth Kaluyu Muthiora Kariara Independent 11,383 0.08
Cyrus Jirongo Joseph Momanyi United Democratic Party 11,013 0.07
Michael Mwaura Miriam Mutua Independent 8,662 0.06
Invalid/blank votes 402,538
Total 15,167,734 100
Registered voters/turnout 19,743,716 76.82
Source: IEBC (97.03% counted)

Though Kenyatta and Odinga were virtually tied in opinion polls leading up to the election, the outcome was reported as a 10-percentage-point victory for Kenyatta. On 10 August, provisional results released by the Kenyan electoral commission put Kenyatta ahead by 54.2% to Odinga's 44%. The head of the EU delegation Marietje Schaake said there had been no sign of manipulation of the result at central or local level and urged all sides to accept the result.

Despite the results being heavily rejected by the National Super Alliance, the Independent Electoral and Boundaries commission (IEBC) declared incumbents Uhuru Kenyatta and William Ruto as president-elect and deputy president-elect respectively on the evening of 11 August 2017.

Governors[edit | edit source]

Three women were elected as governors of their respective counties - Joyce Laboso of Bomet County, Charity Ngilu of Kitui County, and Anne Waiguru of Kirinyaga County. 22 out of 47 governors lost their seats as well.

Senate[edit | edit source]

Three women, Uasin Gishu’s Margaret Kamar, Susan Kihika of Nakuru and Fatuma Dullo of Isiolo became the first women in Kenya's history to be elected to the Senate rather than appointed.

National Assembly[edit | edit source]

Projected results indicated that the Jubilee party will replace the ODM as the largest single party in the National Assembly, although they will need to form a coalition with other parties to secure the 174 seats needed for an overall majority. Projected results also indicated that the Jubilee party will extend their majority in the both the Kenyan National Assembly and Kenyan Senate and have enough seats to be considered unassailable.

Legal issues[edit | edit source]

Over_300_residents_of_Kisumu_town_storm_IEBC_offices_after_discovering_that_their_names_were_missing

Over 300 residents of Kisumu town storm IEBC offices after discovering that their names were missing

More than three hundred residents of Kisumu town who were still uncertain whether or not they will participate in Tuesday’s election stormed Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission offices to demand clearance to vote. SUBSCRIBE to our YouTube channel for more great videos: https://www.youtube.com/ Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/KTNNews Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/KTNNewsKenya For more great content go to http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/ktnnews and download our apps: http://std.co.ke/apps/#android KTN News is a leading 24-hour TV channel in Eastern Africa with its headquarters located along Mombasa Road, at Standard Group Centre. This is the most authoritative news channel in Kenya and beyond.

IEBC_server_hacking_allegation_explained_by_Nasa's_IT_expert-0

IEBC server hacking allegation explained by Nasa's IT expert-0

Nasa IT expert explains how hackers allegedly hacked the IEBC server and manipulated the algorithm to ensure Uhuru Kenyatta maintained a constant lead against Raila Odinga.

Chiloba_says_IEBC_systems_not_hacked

Chiloba says IEBC systems not hacked

Chiloba says IEBC systems not hacked.

False news[edit | edit source]

Fake CNN and BBC reports were issued in Kenya on August 1, 2017.

Missing voter names[edit | edit source]

Over 300 residents from a Kisumu town storm the local IEBC offices after discovering that their names were missing from the voter registration list on August 7th.

Policeing[edit | edit source]

The government denied a pre-election raid on opposition offices and on on Raila Odinga’s headquarters are also rebuffed by both the locals and Kenya's officials on August 4th.

Due to the growing fear of the violence of the 2013 election re-occurring in 2017, about 180,000 members of the police and security forces have been deployed across Kenya on August 7th.

Hacked computers[edit | edit source]

A Nasa IT expert explained how hackers allegedly hacked the IEBC server and manipulated the algorithm to ensure Uhuru Kenyatta maintained a constant lead against Raila Odinga, but Chiloba said IEBC systems were not hacked.

Raila Odinga suggested that hackers had manipulated voting results in the presidential election in the evening of August 9th.

Kenya's election and police chiefs said the 'hacking attempt did not succeed' on August 10th.

Alleged fraud[edit | edit source]

Opposition Raila Odinga leader suggested that hackers had manipulated voting results in the presidential election in the evening of August 9th. He offered no evidence to justify his claim, which the head of Kenya's electoral commission dismissed.

Mr Mudavadi demanded that the IEBC immediately declare Odinga and his running mate Kalonzo Musyoka as the winners on August 12th. He distributed printouts of what he said were pages from the IEBC's website which he said had been leaked to NASA by an anonymous IEBC official to back up his claim Odinga won.

NASA provided no evidence that the observers were bias, but singled out former U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and former South African president Thabo Mbeki and the prime suspects of political bias in the observer teams they lead on August 12th.

Kenya's ELOG domestic observation group, who's 8,300 agents were at the polling stations, counting stations and electoral other facilities, conformed the official results on August 12th.

The former UN Secretary General, Kofi Annan called for peace and for Odinga to lodge any complaint in court. The opposition rejected it and said the courts were politically bias on August 12th.

Official annulment[edit | edit source]

The high court annulled the election result on September 1st due to a crappy counting process, lack of probity in the independent electoral board the international observers condoned the fraud. A new election must occur with in 60 days.

The president elect submitted to the ruling, but accused the judges "cooks" and said he disagreed with them.

Post-election violence[edit | edit source]

Raila_Odinga_planning_violence_in_2017_Kenya_Elections

Raila Odinga planning violence in 2017 Kenya Elections

Raila Odinga has rejected election results of his two previous election loses(2007 and 2013). He has refused to take responsibilty for the post election violence of 2007/8 in which more than 1200 Kenyans lost their lives. His lieutenants are making inflammatory utterances with each passing day yet he defends them. He has said on more than one occassion that democracy is not given, it is taken. His actions recently are pointing towards a person willing to let Kenyans die for him to be President- at least for one term (5 years) as he says he would. He has gone to the streets with supporters to demand the disbandment of the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) outside the constitutional framework. This led to the loss of lives as protestors clashed with police in 2016. Businesses in the Nairobi CBD made loses of more than Ksh100 million within a week while many others were looted and innocent civilians mugged by his supporters. He, despite managing to get new commissioners into office, sent his lawyers to block the award of a ballot tender to a Dubai firm, he also sought to block award of a contract to KPMG to audit the voter register on the grounds that it is not qualified. He is now calling for what he has referred to as 'adopt a polling station' strategy in which he wants his party to have 50 agents per polling station in direct contravention of the Elections Act of 2011 which allows for one agent per political party. All actions by Raila Odinga point to a man not ready for elections and certainly not ready to let Kenya have peace until he becomes Commander in Chief by hook and crook. #IStandForPeace.

On 13 August, police said a total of 16 people have been killed in recent protests.

Party rallies[edit | edit source]

Odinga's first major rally saw him defied pressure to concede defeat and he made a call for a boycott of Nation television and newspapers, Kenya's largest independent media group, over their coverage of the 'bias' coverage of the disputed elections on August 13th. Virtually no one did the boycott. Pro-unity and pro-peace graffiti was daubed heavily around Nairobi and the odd few peaces in other built up places. Peace was restored by the morning of August 14th.

Nairobi[edit | edit source]

Several opposition strongholds were also hit by riots that day and the riot police dispersed them by force. Teargas was used on the rioters on August 9th and 10th, with water cannon being used on August 11th and 12th. Live ammunition, clubs, batons and machettes were used since the 9th.

Police killed a rioter in a opposition stronghold across Nairobi and 3 unidentified people had reportedly died on the evening of August 9th during a undisclosed Nairobi suburb riot.

Journalists said several machete-wielding attackers has been shot after an assault on a Kenya polling station on the night of August 9th. It is still not clear if anyone was killed or just wounded.

Nairobi's police chief Japheth Koome said 2 people were shot dead on August 10th, claiming they took advantage of the protests to do some looting.

A Nairobi man, Wycliff Mokaya, said his 9 year old daughter on their third-floor balcony as police and rioters did battle on August 12th. His brother, Charles Ochieng, said "He was not out fighting them. He was rescued by my sister who lives next to him," and "She came outside screaming at the police, asking why they are beating people.".

Kenyan police were seen by international journalists to have opened fire with live ammunition to disperse opposition protesters in the Mathare slum who blocked roads and set up burning barricades in the area on August 12th.

A few rioters were dispersed in the morning of August 13th using police batons and improvised clubs.

Pats of the slum named Lucky Summer, was attacked in the night by dreadlocked men wearing official Kenyan paramilitary uniforms, who were armed with machetes, clubs and guns.

Mombasa[edit | edit source]

No major desterbances were reported.

Tana River county[edit | edit source]

A Jubilee party building was stormed in Tana River county on August 9th, killing a man who was working for the party and injuring another. Police then shot dead 2 attackers.

Police confirmed on August 10th that 1 person was macheted and stabbed to death in a vote tallying station on August 9th.

Kisumu[edit | edit source]

Police fired tear gas to disperse 100 unidentified protesters in Kisumu on August 9th. International journalists witnessed the use of teargas and live ammunition by police on August 11th and 12th.

28 year old Moses Oduor, from the impoverished Obunga district was dragged him out of his bedroom and beaten with clubs police that were conducting house-to-house raids on August 12th.  Felix Oduor, 18, said "This is just a warm-up. Tomorrow we will go to State House and they can kill us there,".

A government official said a man had been killed in Kisumu county August 12th. 

Kisumu's main hospital said they had treated 26 people, including 4 with gunshot wounds and with police baton wounds between late on August 8th to mid August 12th. 

South Mugirango constituency[edit | edit source]

Violent clashes with the security forces around 300km west of Nairobi, in the South Mugirango constituency, Kisii County, lead to at least 1 death on August 9th, according to a regional police commander, Leonard Katana.

Undisclosed places elsewhere[edit | edit source]

Police fired volleys of tear gas and live rounds to force a convoy of pick-up trucks containing senior NASA officials to retreat in a unidentified Kenyan town on August 12th.

Press coverage being curtailed[edit | edit source]

Kenya Television Network's political reporter, Duncan Khaemba, was arrested since he was not carrying the permit for his bulletproof vest and helmet, but was released after several hours stay in the local police station.

Offical and unofficial commentary on it[edit | edit source]

  1. Raila Odinga, put the death toll at more than 100, including 10 children, but did not provide any evidence to back it up on August 12th.
  2. Medecins Sans Frontieres said it had treated 54 patients, including seven for gunshot wounds on August 12th.
  3. The top Odinga lieutenant, Johnson Muthama, said police had been packing corpses into body bags and dumping them on August 12th, but this claim was not verified.
  4. Mwenda Njeka, a spokesman for the Interior Ministry, said the opposition claims were "hogwash" on August 12th
  5. The Acting Interior Minister, Fred Matiang'i, earlier said trouble was localised and caused by "criminal elements", not legitimate political protest. He also denied the various accusations of police brutality in the country saying "Let us be honest - there are no demonstrations happening," on August 12th.
  6. The former UN Secretary General, Kofi Annan called for peace and for Odinga to lodge any complaint in court on August 12th.
  7. A Kenyan human rights group says 24 people have been killed by police by gunfire during protests, by August 12th.

Political reactions to the event[edit | edit source]

Domestic[edit | edit source]

Opposition leader Raila Odinga alleged that the results had been tampered with by hackers. He offered no evidence to justify his claim, which the head of Kenya's electoral commission dismissed. Following the election, there were widespread protests, some of which turned violent and even deadly. Odinga published his own results, which put him ahead, and claimed that the commission's IT system had been hacked and that Kenya had seen the worst "voter theft" in its history. The chairman of the electoral commission, Wafula Chebukati, responded that his organization was the only body allowed to count votes and that while there had been an attempt to hack the commission, it had failed.

The Economist managed to do its own count of a sample of paper ballots, which tallied with the electronic results.

Kenyatta's reaction incorporated invitations to several world leaders to his inauguration, including: former US President Barack Obama; German Chancellor Angela Merkel; British Prime Minister Theresa May; Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi; China President Xi Jinping; Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf; Nigeria President Muhammadu Buhar; Rwanda President Paul Kagame; Uganda President Yoweri Museveni; Tanzania President John Magufuli; South Africa President Jacob Zuma; His Royal Highness Aga Khan IV; and Nigerian billionaire tycoon Aliko Dangote.

International[edit | edit source]

  1. African Union: The AU mission led by Thabo Mbeki commended the Kenyan people on conducting the election in a peaceful environment. The AU acknowledged the dispute by the opposition, however, Mbeki refused to get involved in the investigation, citing the lack of mandate.
  2. European Union: The EU observer team deemed that the election was conducted under a free and fair environment and commended the role of the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission. The EU team also expressed concern on the high number of spoilt ballots.
  3. East African Community: The EAC mission led by Edward Rugumayo also said that the election conducted was free and fair and that the observer team was also satisfied with the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission's response to the hacking claims. The comision also appealed for patients towards journalists until the final results are published.
  4. United States, the Carter Center: The mission headed by John Kerry commended the Kenyan people in conducting the election peacefully. The Carter Center also commended the role of the judiciary throughout the entire electoral process. Kerry urged that all disputes with the election be handled within the law.
  5. Commonwealth of Nations Commonwealth of Nations: The Chair of the Commonwealth Observer Group, former President of Ghana John Mahama, declared in the group's interim statement that the Kenyan elections across all six levels of government has been "credible, fair and inclusive". He appealed for continued patience as the results continue to be finalised. On allegations of fraud by the opposition leader, Mahama called for political leaders to show "restraint and magnanimity".

Kenyan economics[edit | edit source]

The Kenyan Shilling rallies and stabilise against the US $ after a brief fall on Agust 9th.

The capital, Nairobi, is a regional commercial hub. The economy of Kenya is the largest by GDP in East and Central Africa. Agriculture is a major employer; the country traditionally exports tea and coffee and has more recently begun to export fresh flowers to Europe. The service industry is also a major economic driver. Additionally, Kenya is a member of the East African Community trading bloc. Stocks then slumped briefly after the annulment was announced on September 1st.

Inaugurations[edit | edit source]

The_12th_Parliament_Parliament_set_to_open_next_week_Part_2

The 12th Parliament Parliament set to open next week Part 2

The 12th Parliament: Parliament set to open next week [Part 2].

It was announced on 13 August that the new Parliament would be sworn in on 22 August, with Kenyatta's second inauguration to follow a week later. However, Kenyatta's inauguration was pushed back to at least September 12 after Odinga agreed to challenge the results in court.

The Kenya opposition leader then went to Supreme Court over disputed elections on August 16th and started a public petition on August the 19th to back thire claims up.

It was announced on 13 August that the new Parliament would be sworn in on 22 August, with Kenyatta's second inauguration to follow a week later. However, Kenyatta's inauguration was pushed back to at least 12 September after Odinga agreed to challenge the results in court. It was later announced that the reconvening of the Kenyan parliament was delayed to no later than 7 September due to a petition which was filed by groups affiliated with the Federation of Women Lawyers in Kenya (FIDA- Kenya) over the new parliament's lack of women needed to meet the two-thirds gender rule criteria. Despite the FIDA- Kenya lawsuit, the IEBC announced on 22 August that it will publish the full list of elected Members of the National Assembly and Members of County Assembly (Kenya) later that day and that the gender-rule lawsuit will not be heard in court until 20 September; the IEBC had already published the final results and names of the 47 Governors, Woman Representatives and Senators on 14 August.

The Standard later reported on 22 August that the Kenyan Parliament will reconvene in the next week. On 23 August, Kenyatta issued a decree stating that the Parliament will reconvene on 31 August when they assemble to swear in new members and elect respective Speakers and Deputy Speakers. On 29 August, member-elects of the new Parliament officially underwent the process of registering their political orientation and held their first unofficial meetings in Parliament before being sworn-in. They then met with respective party leaders on 30 August. The 12th Kenyan Parliament was then sworn in on 31 August[45] and various leaders where elected by members of the Kenyan National Assembly and Kenyan Senate to serve their respective houses as well.

On 28 August, the Kenyan Supreme Court heard the Odinga's arguments for the first time. Permission was granted to allow two agents of both the ruling party and Odinga's NASA party to audit the IEBC results, though Odinga's lawyer James Orengo alleged afterwards that the IEBC was denying his team full access to the servers and other equipment that transmitted results from polling stations to the tallying centre despite the court allowing "read-only" access. Closing arguments then concluded on 29 August and it was announced that the court will make a decision on 1 September surrounding the results of the Presidential election.[48] It was later announced on 30 August that the IEBC had submitted all result forms for scrutiny to give the Supreme Court a clear picture on how Kenyans voted during the 8 August election.[49] On September 1, the Supreme Court nullified Kenyatta's election victory and ordered that a new Presidential election take place within 60 days.

Campaign funding[edit | edit source]

It totaled US$440,000,000, making it the most expensive in Africa to date.

Official annulment[edit | edit source]

In the August 2017 general elections, incumbent President Uhuru Kenyatta was declared the winner of the presidential contest with 54% of the vote, whilst his main challenger Raila Odinga receiving 45% of the vote. Odinga appealed to the Supreme Court, who ruled by a margin of 4–2 that it had not been "conducted in accordance with the constitution", cancelling the results and ordering fresh elections to be held within 60 days.

The high court annulled the election result on September 1st due to a crappy counting process, lack of probity in the independent electoral board the international observers condoned the fraud. A new election must occur with in 60 days.

The president elect submitted to the ruling, but accused the judges "cooks" and said he disagreed with them.

Also see[edit | edit source]

  1. Kenya
  2. President of Kenya
  3. 1950 United Kingdom general election
  4. The second Kenyan 2017 election

Sources[edit | edit source]

General[edit | edit source]

  1. http://www.eastafrikadaily.com/2017/08/kenya-dreadlocked-militiamen-terrorize-nairobis-lucky-summer-slum-as-poll-impasse-builds/
  2. https://uk.sports.yahoo.com/news/kenyan-premier-league-season-stretch-090956659.html
  3. http://af.reuters.com/article/topNews/idAFKCN1BC41W-OZATP
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  196. https://www.standardmedia.co.ke/article/2001249790/more-questions-as-18-hour-siege-at-ruto-s-residence-end
  197. https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/africa/kenyan-media-unknown-gunmen-attack-kenyan-vps-home/2017/07/29/4cd29d5e-747d-11e7-8c17-533c52b2f014_story.html?utm_term=.15a9e2237320
  198. https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/justice-department-reverses-position-to-allow-ohio-to-purge-inactive-voters-from-rolls/2017/08/08/e93c5116-7c35-11e7-9d08-b79f191668ed_story.html?hpid=hp_hp-top-table-main_ohio-1035a%3Ahomepage%2Fstory&utm_term=.20fc4cd9ea8f
  199. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jul/31/kenyan-election-official-christopher-msando-dead-before-national-vote
  200. https://www.capitalfm.co.ke/news/2017/08/woman-found-alongside-murdered-iebcs-msando-identified/
  201. http://www.reuters.com/article/us-kenya-election-babies-idUSKBN1AO1J1?feedType=RSS&feedName=worldNews&utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+Reuters%2FworldNews+%28Reuters+World+News%29&utm_content=Yahoo+Search+Results
  202. http://www.whig.com/article/20170810/AP/308109911#
  203. http://www.heraldcourier.com/news/the-latest-us-urges-kenya-s-candidates-not-to-use/image_69d61549-01a0-59f0-b154-e4afab089728.html
  204. http://www.msn.com/en-za/news/africa/kenyan-elections-threats-of-violence-in-the-air-as-vote-counting-draws-to-an-end/ar-AApMWKW
  205. http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2017/may/11/kenya-elections-renew-violence-fears/
  206. http://www.msn.com/en-za/news/africa/kenyan-elections-threats-of-violence-in-the-air-as-vote-counting-draws-to-an-end/ar-AApMWKWhttp://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2017/aug/7/barack-obama-calls-calm-kenya-election-violence-ex/
  207. http://www.msn.com/en-za/news/africa/kenya-gears-up-for-election/ss-AApDdnW
  208. https://www.kenya-today.com/opinion/odm-mombasa-rally-outsmarts-jubilee-party-launch-nairobi
  209. http://www.gettyimages.co.uk/event/kenyas-president-uhuru-kenyatta-campaigns-at-jubilee-party-election-rally-775019419#uhuru-kenyatta-kenyas-president-speaks-during-a-presidential-election-picture-id826413668
  210. http://allafrica.com/stories/201210190263.html
  211. https://jubileepamoja.co.ke/
  212. http://www.odm.co.ke/
  213. https://web.archive.org/web/20090608141216/http://kenyaun.org/polhistory.html
  214. http://www.president.go.ke
  215. http://www.parliament.go.ke
  216. http://www.africa.com/kenya/  
  217. http://www.business-anti-corruption.com/country-profiles/sub-saharan-africa/kenya/business-corruption-in-kenya.aspx
  218. http://wits.worldbank.org/CountryProfile/Country/KEN/Year/2010/Summary
  219. http://allafrica.com/stories/201708170003.html
  220. https://www.standardmedia.co.ke/article/2001251242/president-uhuru-dp-ruto-to-be-sworn-in-on-august-29
  221. https://www.tuko.co.ke/249209-list-barack-obama-11-world-leaders-invited-uhurus-swearing-ceremony.html
  222. https://www.standardmedia.co.ke/article/2001251182/jubilee-party-national-super-alliance-battle-now-heads-to-parliament
  223. https://www.standardmedia.co.ke/article/2001251242/president-uhuru-dp-ruto-to-be-sworn-in-on-august-29
  224. http://thecommonwealth.org/media/press-release/kenyan-elections-credible-fair-and-inclusive-chair-commonwealth-observer
  225. http://allafrica.com/stories/201708170003.html

Party manifestos[edit | edit source]

  1. https://jubileepamoja.co.ke/
  2. http://www.odm.co.ke/
  3. https://www.kenyans.co.ke/party/alliance-real-change
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